Ready- Get.Set.Go! – Car Types Deciphered!

This article will help you get familiarized with the 6 most popular car styles- the ones which are commonly heard and spoken of but we may not have a fair idea about.

For those who are not so familiar, automobile jargon can be puzzling and we hope to acquaint you with the most commonly used types and their basic differences. Let’s get our engines started!

Saloon/Sedan

A Saloon or Sedan is articulated to have 4 doors and a closed roof with separate compartments for engine, passenger and cargo- which is commonly known as a ‘three-box configuration’. Apart from being spacious- saloons have a long, low and a stylish design.

It is one of the most common car body types which has 2 rows of seats, the rear seats can be folded to make space for luggage and the boot is low and wide. It provides seating for at least 4 people. On the contrary, it is less practical compared to an SUV or hatchback and is pricey compared to the two as well.

Examples of a Saloon/Sedan: Honda City, Hyundai Elantra, Maruti Suzuki Ciaz, Audi RS3

audi-sr-3-sedan

Coupe

A Coupe is considered sporty and is generally defined as a 2-door car with a fixed roof. It has a sleeker outlook, sloping roofline, closed body and two doors.

The rear space is limited and the roof is fixed (portion of it may be adjustable) in traditional versions. However, a variation on the convertible or drop-head coupé is a fully retractable hardtop.

Examples of a Coupe: Ford Mustang, Mercedes Benz C 300, Volkswagen Beetle Coupe

 

ford_mustang-coupe

Hatchback

Hatchbacks are vehicles with a rear door that swings upwards to provide access to cargo area. They also come with a variation of folding second-row passenger seating to configure interiors based on passenger v/s cargo priority.

They are much smaller in height compared to SUVs and do not have a stretched boot. They are more compact compared to SUVs and having sufficient seating for four to five passengers.

Examples of a Hatchback: Maruti Suzuki Alto, Maruti Suzuki Swift, Volshwagen Golf, Audi A3 Sportback

audi-a3-sportsback

SUV

Sport-Utility-Vehicle is a type of station wagon with enhanced features like raised ground clearance, ruggedness, sturdy outlook and a four-wheel drive to make travelling off road a delightful experience. A four wheel drive typically means the engine power flows to all the four wheels of the vehicle.

They are spacious with a large boot, high seating position and tall interior packaging. An SUV could be a 5 or a 7 seater and is suitable for all kinds of terrain.

Examples of a SUV: Ford Endeavour, Land Rover, Toyota Highlander, Toyota Land Cruiser, Lincoln Navigator

lincoln_navigator

Crossover

As the name suggests, a crossover or crossover utility vehicle (CUV) is a vehicle which combines variety of features from an SUV with that of a passenger car. Features like tall interiors, high ground clearance and high seating from an SUV are constructed on a ‘unibody’ which is typical of passenger vehicles.

Crossovers generally offer independent rear suspension, have a lighter weight and better fuel consumption than trucks/trucks based vehicles- all in all more ‘car-like’ handling.

Examples of a Crossover: Volvo S60, Ford Escape, Ford Edge, Jaguar I-Pace, Porsche Cayenne

jaguar-i-pace Crossover Car Type

Convertible

The name explains it all- a convertible is an automobile which can ‘convert’ between an open air-mode and an enclosed one. Convertible car body style is based on foldable/retractable roofs. Generally, convertibles do not have glass side windows and the main feature is retractable roof (the roof can be folded or removed either partially or entirely).

The term ‘roadster’ is often used to describe a ‘two-seater’ sports car. They may have a folding roof or no roof at all. While cars having folding roofs (soft top or metal) with more than two seats are referred to as convertibles.

Examples of a Convertibles: BMW Z4, Mazda MX-5 Miata, Nissan 370Z , Porsche 718 Boxster, Mercedes-AMG GT

porsche_718_boxter

We hope you now have a fair idea of the basics, stay tuned for more insights on ‘Cars-101’ till then keep speeding away (with caution!).



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Ready- Get.Set.Go! – Car Types Deciphered!

This article will help you get familiarized with the 6 most popular car styles- the ones which are commonly heard and spoken of but we may not have a fair idea about.

For those who are not so familiar, automobile jargon can be puzzling and we hope to acquaint you with the most commonly used types and their basic differences. Let’s get our engines started!

Saloon/Sedan

A Saloon or Sedan is articulated to have 4 doors and a closed roof with separate compartments for engine, passenger and cargo- which is commonly known as a ‘three-box configuration’. Apart from being spacious- saloons have a long, low and a stylish design.

It is one of the most common car body types which has 2 rows of seats, the rear seats can be folded to make space for luggage and the boot is low and wide. It provides seating for at least 4 people. On the contrary, it is less practical compared to an SUV or hatchback and is pricey compared to the two as well.

Examples of a Saloon/Sedan: Honda City, Hyundai Elantra, Maruti Suzuki Ciaz, Audi RS3

audi-sr-3-sedan

Coupe

A Coupe is considered sporty and is generally defined as a 2-door car with a fixed roof. It has a sleeker outlook, sloping roofline, closed body and two doors.

The rear space is limited and the roof is fixed (portion of it may be adjustable) in traditional versions. However, a variation on the convertible or drop-head coupé is a fully retractable hardtop.

Examples of a Coupe: Ford Mustang, Mercedes Benz C 300, Volkswagen Beetle Coupe

 

ford_mustang-coupe

Hatchback

Hatchbacks are vehicles with a rear door that swings upwards to provide access to cargo area. They also come with a variation of folding second-row passenger seating to configure interiors based on passenger v/s cargo priority.

They are much smaller in height compared to SUVs and do not have a stretched boot. They are more compact compared to SUVs and having sufficient seating for four to five passengers.

Examples of a Hatchback: Maruti Suzuki Alto, Maruti Suzuki Swift, Volshwagen Golf, Audi A3 Sportback

audi-a3-sportsback

SUV

Sport-Utility-Vehicle is a type of station wagon with enhanced features like raised ground clearance, ruggedness, sturdy outlook and a four-wheel drive to make travelling off road a delightful experience. A four wheel drive typically means the engine power flows to all the four wheels of the vehicle.

They are spacious with a large boot, high seating position and tall interior packaging. An SUV could be a 5 or a 7 seater and is suitable for all kinds of terrain.

Examples of a SUV: Ford Endeavour, Land Rover, Toyota Highlander, Toyota Land Cruiser, Lincoln Navigator

lincoln_navigator

Crossover

As the name suggests, a crossover or crossover utility vehicle (CUV) is a vehicle which combines variety of features from an SUV with that of a passenger car. Features like tall interiors, high ground clearance and high seating from an SUV are constructed on a ‘unibody’ which is typical of passenger vehicles.

Crossovers generally offer independent rear suspension, have a lighter weight and better fuel consumption than trucks/trucks based vehicles- all in all more ‘car-like’ handling.

Examples of a Crossover: Volvo S60, Ford Escape, Ford Edge, Jaguar I-Pace, Porsche Cayenne

jaguar-i-pace Crossover Car Type

Convertible

The name explains it all- a convertible is an automobile which can ‘convert’ between an open air-mode and an enclosed one. Convertible car body style is based on foldable/retractable roofs. Generally, convertibles do not have glass side windows and the main feature is retractable roof (the roof can be folded or removed either partially or entirely).

The term ‘roadster’ is often used to describe a ‘two-seater’ sports car. They may have a folding roof or no roof at all. While cars having folding roofs (soft top or metal) with more than two seats are referred to as convertibles.

Examples of a Convertibles: BMW Z4, Mazda MX-5 Miata, Nissan 370Z , Porsche 718 Boxster, Mercedes-AMG GT

porsche_718_boxter

We hope you now have a fair idea of the basics, stay tuned for more insights on ‘Cars-101’ till then keep speeding away (with caution!).



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